Improved Glowworm Swarm Optimization for Parkinson’s Disease Prediction Based on Radial Basis Functions Networks


  • M. Sivakumar Department of Artificial Intelligence and Data Science, Kongunadu College of Engineering and Technology, Trichy,621215, India.
  • K. Devaki Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India.



Deep learning, Parkinson’s disease, bio-inspired algorithms, radial basis functions, glowworm swarm optimization


Parkinson’s disease is caused by a disruption in the chemical products that enables the communication between brain cells. The brain’s dopamine cells are responsible for movement control, adaptability, and fluidity. Parkinson’s motor symptoms manifest when 60–80% of these cells are damaged due to insufficient dopamine. Researchers are working to find a way to identify the non-motor symptoms that manifest early detection in the disease to stop the disease’s progression because it is believed that the disease starts many years before the motor symptoms. This research presents Parkinson’s disease diagnosis based on deep learning. Processes for feature selection and classification encompass the suggested diagnosis technique. The proposed model searches for the best subset of characteristics using the Improved Glowworm Swarm Optimization (IGSO) algorithm. Radial Basis Functions Networks (RBFN) classifiers evaluate the chosen features. The suggested model is tested using datasets from Parkinson’s Handwriting samples and Parkinson’s Speech and voice with various sound recordings. With an accuracy of about 95.78%, the suggested algorithm forecasts Parkinson’s disease using the VoicePD dataset more precisely.