Enhanced Two-Stream Bayesian Hyper Parameter Optimized 3D-CNN Inception-v3 Based Drop-ConvLSTM2D Deep Learning Model for Human Action Recognition


  • A. Jeyanthi Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Misrimal Navajee Munoth Jain Engineering College, Chennai, 600097, India.
  • J. Visumathi Department of Computer Science and Engineering, VelTech Rangarajan Dr.Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India.
  • C. Heltin Genitha Department of Computer Science and Engineering, St. Joseph’s College of Engineering, Chennai, India




Human Action Recognition, Convolution Neural Networks, Drop-ConvLSTM2D,, Bayesian Hyper Parameter Optimization


Human Action Recognition (HAR) has grown to be the toughest and most attractive concern in the domains of computer vision, communication between a person and the surroundings, and video surveillance. In variation to the conventional methods that usually make use of the Long Short Term Memory model (LSTM) for training, this work designed dropout variant Drop-ConvLSTM2D, to provide more effectiveness in regularization for deep Convolution Neural Networks (CNNs).In addition, to speed up the runtime performance of the Deep Learning model, Bayesian Hyper Parameter Optimization (BHPO) is also introduced to autonomously optimize, the hyperparameters of the trained architecture. In this study, a two-stream Bayesian Hyper Parameter optimized Drop-ConvLSTM2D model is designed for HAR to overcome the current research deficiencies. In one stream, an Inception-v3 model extracts the temporal characteristics from the optical frames which are generated through the dense flow process. In another stream, a 3D-CNN involves the mining of the spatial-temporal characteristics from the RGB frames. Finally, the features of Inception-v3 and 3D-CNN are fused using which the Drop-ConvLSTM2D model is trained to recognize human behavior. On perceptive public video datasets UCF-101, and HMDB51, the quantitative assessments are conducted on the Drop-ConvLSTM2D BHPO model. For all hyperparameters, the built model explicitly obtains optimized values in this process, which can save time and improve performance. The experimental outcome shows that with a precision of at least 3%, the designed model beats the traditional two-stream model.