Wire Rope Weak Defect Signal Processing Methods Based on Improved SVD and Phase Space Reconstruction
Keywords:Singular value decomposition (SVD), Phase space reconstruction, Weak signal, Denoising method
Due to the complexity of the interference operation environment of wire rope, the detection signals are usually weak and coupled in time-frequency domain, which makes the defect difficult to recognize, while the signal characterizations in phase space are also needed to be studied. Combining the nonlinear dynamic feature identification theories, phase space characteristics and chaotic features of wire rope defect detection signals are mainly investigated in this paper. First, principles of phase space reconstruction method for wire rope detection signals are presented by the chaotic dynamic indexes calculation of embedded dimension and delay time. Second, the change trends of the correlation dimension, approximate entropy and Lyapunov index of different phase space reconstructed wire rope defect detection signals are studied through the nonlinear simulation and analysis. Finally, a phase space reconstruction algorithm based on improved SVD is proposed, and the new algorithm is also compared with traditional signal processing methods. These results obtained by 6 groups of experiments were also evaluated and compared by the parameters of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and phase space trajectory chart, which manifests that the improved algorithm not only can increase the weak detection signal SNR to about 2.3dB of wire rope effectively, but also demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed methods in application.
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