Heart Disease Prognosis Using D-GRU with Logistic Chaos Honey Badger Optimization in IoMT Framework
Keywords:Deep Learning, Internet of Medical Things, Gated Recurrent Units, Stacked Autoencoders, Honey badger Algorithms
In recent years, heart disease has superseded several other contributory death factors. It is challenging to predict an individual’s risk of acquiring heart disease since it requires both expert knowledge and real-world experience. Developing an effective method for the prognosis of heart disease using Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) technology in healthcare organizations by collecting sensor data from patients’ bodies, utilizing robust expert systems, and incorporating vast healthcare data on cardiac disorders to alert physicians in critical situations is a challenging task. Several machine learning-based techniques for predicting and diagnosing cardiac disease have recently been demonstrated. However, these algorithms cannot effectively handle high-dimensional
information due to the need for an intelligent framework incorporating multiple sources to predict cardiac illness. This work proposes a unique model for heart disease prediction based on deep learning, Deep Gated Recurrent Units (D-GRU), which combines with Stacked Auto Encoders. A novel optimization algorithm, the Logistic Chaos Honey Badger Algorithm, is proposed for optimal feature selection. Publicly available heart disease-related datasets collected from UCI Repository, Cleveland Database, are used for training the proposed D-GRU model. The trained model is further tested on the data gathered from the sensors in the IoMT framework. The performance of the proposed model is compared against several deep learning models and existing works in the literature. The proposed D-GRU model outperforms the other models taken for comparison and
exhibits performance supremacy with an accuracy of 95.15% in predicting heart diseases.
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