Four-Classes Human Emotion Recognition Via Entropy Characteristic and Random Forest
Keywords:Emotion recognition, EEG, Wavelet packet transform, RF.
Human Emotion Recognition is of vital importance to realize human-computer interaction (HCI), while multichannel electroencephalogram (EEG) signals gradually replace other physiological signals and become the main basis of emotional recognition research with the development of brain-computer interface (BCI). However, the accuracy of emotional classification based on EEG signals under video stimulation is not stable, which may be related to the characteristics of EEG signals before receiving stimulation. In this study, we extract the change of Differential Entropy (DE) before and after stimulation based on wavelet packet transform (WPT) to identify individual emotional state. Using the EEG emotion database DEAP, we divide the experimental EEG data in the database equally into 15 sets and extract their differential entropy on the basis of WPT. Then we calculate value of DE change of each separated EEG signal set. Finally, we divide the emotion into four categories in the two-dimensional valence-arousal emotional space by combining it with the integrated algorithm, Random Forest (RF). The simulation results show that the WPT-RF model established by this method greatly improves the recognition rate of EEG signal, with an average classification accuracy of 87.3%. In addition, we use WPT-RF model to train individual subjects, and the classification accuracy reached 97.7%.