Mismatch Removal Based on Gaussian Mixture Model for Aircraft Surface Texture Mapping

  • Guochen Niu Civil Aviation University of China
  • Licheng Wang Civil Aviation University of China
  • Zheng Tan Civil Aviation University of China
Keywords: Mismatch removal, Gaussian Mixture Model, Tikhonov regularization, EM algorithm, Vector field


Aiming at the fact of lower efficiency and higher time cost for feature matching in aircraft surface texture mapping process, a novel mismatch removal method based on Gaussian mixture model is proposed to increase correct corresponding feature matching point pairs. The detection and initial point sets for corresponding pairs are carried out, and a vector field is interpolated between the two matching of ORB feature points. The Gaussian mixture model(GMM) is introduced and a prior is taken to force the smoothness of the field, which is based on the Tikhonov regularization in vector-valued reproducing kernel Hilbert space(RKHS). In order to obtain the optimal estimation, the MAP solution of a Bayesian model with latent variables, which could be performed by Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm, is utilized to determine the correct correspondence. The experimental results show that the algorithm could remove mismatches effectively and the classification for feature points is excellent. The calculation time is greatly reduced, which enhanced real-time performance of aircraft surface texture mapping process.